Storm Thorgerson, who has deisgned albums for Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, Peter Gabriel, and Muse.
His family released a statement saying he died peacefully on Thursday surrounded by family and friends
Pink Floyd guitarist and vocalist Dave Gilmour released a statement in which he said the artworks Thorgerson created for the band had been "an inseparable part of our work".
He said: "We first met in our early teens. We would gather at Sheep's Green, a spot by the river in Cambridge and Storm would always be there holding forth, making the most noise, bursting with ideas and enthusiasm. Nothing has ever really changed.
"He has been a constant force in my life, both at work and in private, a shoulder to cry on and a great friend. I will miss him."